Angola Under the Portuguese
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Angola Under the Portuguese

By Gerald J. Bender

“This study of Angola under the Portuguese is an examination of the role of lusotropicalism in the formulation of policies and legislation affecting racial interaction, the goals of these policies, and the manner in which they were implemented by local Portuguese from the time of their initial arrival in the colony at the end of the fifteenth century until Angola’S attainment of independence in 1975. I adduce evidence about the number, background, economic activities, and settlement patterns of the Portuguese in Angola, and show how these factors are related to the reality of race relations. My selection of particular historical epochs and events reflects my view of their importance to a critical examination of the theory of lusotropicalism and to an understanding of the development of white settlement in Angola. I have also endeavoured to present new data and little-known evidence. Above all, I have tried to feature materials and analyses that appear to illuminate the potential problems of race relations in an independent Angola and her sister states of Portu­guese expression in Africa and elsewhere in the Third World.

Part I of this study is an attempt to answer a simple question: did the formation of Portuguese society and culture uniquely prepare those Europeans who have lived in the colonies to pursue and/or maintain amicable and egalitarian relations with non-European peoples? Because a basic tenet of lusotropicalism is that the formation of Portuguese culture and society was uniquely non-racial, it is necessary to probe the characteristics of the Portuguese before as well as during their first interactions with Africans.”

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Angola Under the Portuguese: The Myth and the Reality

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